Copyright © 2019 Wolters Kluwer Hong Kong Limited. All rights reserved.

By accessing any website with its domain name containing “” (individually or collectively “Our Website”), you unconditionally agree to the terms of this Copyright Notice and as they may be modified and/or supplemented from time to time by Wolters Kluwer Hong Kong Limited ( “Wolters Kluwer Hong Kong”). Please check this webpage regularly for any modifications and/or supplements which may be made without prior notice.

Ownership of Copyright

Wolters Kluwer Hong Kong does not own the copyright of the source documents (including the text of primary, subsidiary legislation, judgments and news) published on Our Website.All remaining content (i.e. all content except the source document) on Our Website, including the value-added content to the source, are owned by Wolters Kluwer Hong Kong or separately indicated third parties (the “Licensors”). The value-added content includes but is not limited to the headnote, annotation, indexes and typography added to the source documents. Copyright owned by Wolters Kluwer Hong Kong and the Licensors is protected by relevant laws and regulations of Hong Kong.

For all Hong Kong legislation text in Our Website:

(a) The Hong Kong Government owns the copyright in the text of Legislation;

(b) Reproduced Provisions included or displayed in Our Website are replicated or reproduced from HKeL under a licence granted by the Government, and such licence does not apply to any third party rights in respect of which the Government has no authority to grant a licence;

(c) the Government is not responsible for the accuracy or updatedness of the Reproduced Provisions included or displayed in Our Website;

(d) as at which date the Reproduced Provisions included or displayed in Our Website are up-to-date;

(e) Legislation, in both English and Chinese, is available free of charge in the HKeL website as maintained by the Department of Justice of the Government at, and users may visit the HKeL website to—

(i) access versions of Legislation with legal status, by downloading PDF copies of Legislation with pages marked with the wording “Verified Copy” at the bottom (if a “Verified Copy” of the relevant Legislation within the meaning of the Legislation Publication Ordinance (Cap. 614) has been published on the HKeL website already); and

(ii) access versions of Legislation in other formats for information; and

(f) users may also refer to the following for versions of Legislation with legal status—

(i) the Loose-leaf Edition of the Laws of Hong Kong (if a “Verified Copy” of the relevant Legislation has not been published on the HKeL website); and (Note: The Loose-leaf Edition is being phased out gradually. If a chapter has its verified copy published on HKeL, only a purple Checklist showing its position will be kept in the Edition. Subsequent updates to the chapter will only be reflected in HKeL.)

(ii) the Government Gazette (if amendments to Legislation are yet to be incorporated in the HKeL website or the Loose-leaf Edition (as the case may be)).

Copyright License

Wolters Kluwer Hong Kong does not own the copyright of the source documents published on Our Website and cannot give permission for reproduction of these source documents.

You are permitted to use Our Website and any contents herein, of which the copyright belongs to Wolters Kluwer Hong Kong or the Licensors, for personal use only, or for evaluation use purpose only provided you are a free trial user. The contents include but are not limited to designs, logos, color schemes, graphic styles, text, images and videos, collectively “Copyrighted Works”).

No Copyrighted Works may be copied, reproduced, republished, uploaded, posted, transmitted, or distributed in any way, except that you may acquire one copy of any part or section of the Copyrighted Works on any single computer as a necessity for your personal use or evaluation use only, provided you keep intact all copyright and other proprietary notices. However, systematic retrieval of all or a material part of the Copyrighted Works from Our Website is deemed excess of the purpose of personal use or evaluation use, and thus is prohibited. Modification of the Copyrighted Works or use of the Copyrighted Works for any other purpose is an infringement of the copyright owners' rights and is therefore prohibited. For purposes of these terms, the use of any such Copyrighted Works on any other website or networked computer environment is prohibited.

Enforcement of Copyright

Wolters Kluwer Hong Kong respects and rigorously abides by copyright laws. Accordingly, Wolters Kluwer Hong Kong rightfully expects the same of all parties who use Our Website or our services therefrom. If you infringe upon Wolters Kluwer Hong Kong's or otherwise the relevant Licensors’ rights with respect to any Copyrighted Works, you will be ordered to cease such illegal activity and you will be strictly liable to Wolters Kluwer Hong Kong 's or the relevant Licensors for any and all damages (including recovery of attorneys' fees) which may be suffered and/or incurred as a result of your infringement.

If you are a legitimate copyright owner who believes that your rights have been infringed upon in any way through the content or services provided on Our Website, please notify us using any of the contact details below:

Hotline:+852 3718 9191

Customer Service

Address: Units Nos. 1002-03, Level 10, Plaza 228, No. 228 Wan Chai Road, Hong Kong

We will deal with your complaints seriously in line with applicable laws and regulations and reply to you in due course.